《中国完善社会主义市场经济体制10年(2003-2013)》

文章来源: 中国网
发布时间: 2014-01-13
责任编辑: 蔚力
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摘要

2003年,党的十六届三中全会审议通过了《中共中央关于完善社会主义市场经济体制若干问题的决定》。经过十年的发展,社会主义市场经济体制不断完善,极大地解放和发展了生产力。国有企业深化改革后,已经建立现代企业产权制度,市场竞争力明显增强,非公有制经济健康发展;公共财政体制不断完善;现代金融体系已经逐步建立,大型金融机构股份制改革、股权分置改革取得突破性进展;社会保障体系逐步完善,覆盖城乡的基本养老保险、基本医疗保险改革迈出重要步伐;收入分配改革处于深化阶段;农村综合改革不断深化;现代市场体系和宏观调控体系不断健全;国家综合配套改革试验区推动我国区域政策不断完善。

我国仍处于并将长期处于社会主义初级阶段的基本国情没有变,人民日益增长的物质文化需要同落后的社会生产之间的这一社会主要矛盾没有变。生产力水平总体上还不高,自主创新能力还不强,粗放型增长方式尚未根本转变,影响发展的体制机制障碍依然存在。

只有通过进一步深化经济体制各领域改革才能破解发展中的诸多问题。正确处理政府和市场的关系,深化行政体制改革,加快转变政府职能,让市场成为资源配置的基础,从而消除不利于发挥市场基础性作用的体制机制障碍;通过深化财税体制、金融体制、资源产品价格改革等消除不利于转变经济发展方式的体制机制障碍;稳步推进收入分配制度改革,逐步形成中等收入者占多数的“橄榄形”分配格局,加快推进覆盖城乡居民的社会保障体系建设,从而消除不利于全面建设小康社会的体制机制障碍。

因此,我们必须清醒认识经济体制改革过程中所取得的经验教训,并深刻认识到下一步改革的重点和阻力,通过渐进式改革,力争在2020年建成较为完善、趋于成熟的社会主义市场经济体制。

Abstract

In 2003, the third plenary session of the 16th Communist Party of China (CPC) considered and approved “the decision of the central committee of Communist Party of China about some issues of perfecting the socialist market economic system”. Over ten years of development, China has constantly improved the socialist market economic system, greatly liberated and developed productivity. After deepening the reform of stateowned enterprises, China has established a modern enterprise property right system, the market competitiveness has been enhanced significantly, and the nonpublic sectors of the economy have developed soundly; The public finance system has been constantly improved; The modern financial system has been gradually established, and the large financial institution shareholding system reform and the nontradable share reform has seen a breakthrough; the social security system has been gradually improved, and the reform of the pension and the basic medical insurance systems covering urban and rural region has made great strides; the income distribution reform is at the deepening stage; the overall rural reform has continued to deepen; the modern market system and the macroeconomic regulation and control system have been constantly improved; the establishment and perfection of the national comprehensive reform pilot area marked the constant improvement of the regional policy in our country.

However, our country is still and will for a long time continue to be in the primary stage of socialism, and the principal contradiction between peoples increasing material and cultural needs and lagging social production has not changed. In general, the productivity level is not high, the independent innovation capacity is not strong, the extensive growth model has not fundamentally changed, and institutional hurdles which affect development still remain.

Only by deepening the economic system reform in various fields can we solve many problems in development. We need to correctly handle the relationship between government and market, deepen the reform of the administrative system, speed up the transformation of the government function, make the market allocation of the resources, and remove institutional obstacles which are not conducive to playing the basic role of the marketBy deepening the reform of the fiscal and taxation system, the financial system, and the resource product pricing system, we can eliminate the institutional hurdles which are not conducive to transforming the model of the economic developmentBy steadily pushing forward the reform of the income distribution system, gradually forming the “olive shape” distribution pattern that the middleincome people make up the majority, and speeding up the establishment of the social security system which covers both urban and rural residents, We can eliminate the institutional hurdles which are not conducive to building a moderately prosperous society in all aspects.

Therefore, we must clearly recognize a series of experiences and lessons which have been learned in the process of the economic system reform, and profoundly understand the focus and difficulties in the next step in reform. Through gradual reform, we strive to build a more perfect and mature socialist market economic system in 2020.