In the political report delivered at the 16th National Congress of the CPC in 2002, "fostering social harmony" was announced as a major goal for the first time. In 2004, the Fourth Plenary Session of the 16th Central Committee of the CPC announced the task of building a harmonious socialist society, stressing that social harmony is an inherent attribute of socialism with Chinese characteristics. The Party's 18th National Congress listed promoting social harmony as a basic requirement for upholding and building Chinese socialism.
To promote social harmony, China will give higher priority to ensuring and improving the people's wellbeing; strengthen and conduct innovative social management; strike a balance between reform, development and stability; bring together all forces that can be rallied; maximize factors conducive to harmony; and increase the creative vitality of the society. It will make every effort to ensure that its people live and work in contentment, its society has good public order and the country itself enjoys enduring peace and stability.