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金砖

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金砖

“金砖四国”一词是最早由高盛证券公司首席经济学家吉姆•奥尼尔在2001年11月发表的一份《全球经济需要更好的经济之砖》中首次提出。

高盛的这份经济报告,使中国,印度,俄罗斯,巴西四国作为新兴经济体的代表和发展中国家的领头羊受到世界更多的关注,由此BRIC(译成“金砖四国”)的称谓便风靡世界。

2010年12月,中国作为“金砖国家”合作机制轮值主席,与俄罗斯,印度,巴西一致商定,吸收南非作为正式成员加入金砖国家合作机制,“金砖国家”即将变成“金砖五国”,并更名为“金砖国家”(BRICS)。从此,金砖国家每年举行一次领导人会晤。

BRICS

The term “BRIC” was first coined in November 2011 by then chief economist of Goldman Sachs Asset Management, Jim O’Neill, in his publication Building Better Global Economic BRICs.

As the representative and bellwethers of emerging economies and developing countries, Brazil, Russia, India and China, have been in the global spotlight. The BRIC concept became an international phenomenon.

In December, 2010, China, then holder of the BRIC rotating presidency, agreed with Russia, India and Brazil, to accept South Africa as an official member. BRIC officially enlarged to include 5 countries and the acronym changed to BRICS. Since then the BRICS countries have held a leaders’meeting every year.